Balancing Environmental Protection and the Community’s Socio-Economic Needs

Posted on 21 November 2008. Filed under: Agriculture, Environment, Governance |

During a discussion with environmental law enforcement agency officials in Khartoum and Juba, Sudan, recently, the head of the department dealing with national cooperation on forestry raised an important question about balancing environmental protective objectives and human needs. The official pointed out that in Sudan about 70 percent of the country’s energy requirements comes from the wood biomass. Thus, any protective measures imposed on the forests of the country need to take into consideration the livelihoods of the local population who depend on them.

This brings us to a very important aspect regarding the process of formulating and implementing environmental policies and regulations. Traditionally, policy and legislation formulation have been carried out at the national level without necessarily involving or holding consultations with key stakeholders including the local communities. Policy makers perceive local communities as lacking expertise to make informed decisions. This top-down approach leaves some key stakeholders unrepresented in the development agendas.

Local populations depend on the environment for their livelihoods. This includes provision of food, fuel-wood, pasture, building material, medicines etc. Thus, local communities’ perceptions and socio-economic needs require special consideration when formulating national environmental policies and legislation without which implementation will be difficult. Even where local people are not directly involved in policy formulation, they need to be adequately informed about government development policies and goals and their role in implementing them. Having in place clear systems of disseminating environmental policies and legislation to local communities would promote national cohesion and integration which is vital for fostering political stability. This in turn makes local communities feel that they own the policies their governments formulate.

Institutions and agencies entrusted with enforcement of environmental laws work with local communities and hence support from local people is of paramount importance if success is to be realised. It follows from this, therefore, that when environmental protective measures do not take into account the socio-economic development of the local people, then they are rarely adequately enforced because of lack of support from the local community. This creates conflicts between conservation objectives and socio-economic needs of the local communities. More resources and time have to be spent either to enforce the laws or negotiate with the local population to secure their support. The forceful eviction of livestock keepers and crop cultivators from Ihefu wetlands in Usangu basin in Southern Tanzania and the socio-economic and political struggles in and around Mau Forest Reserve in Kenya are examples of inadequate involvement of local people in policy formulation and implementation.

Caution however is required in trying to secure the support of local people to achieve conservation goals through taking into consideration their socio-economic activities. In some circumstances, the needs and wills of local people are not necessarily environmentally friendly, as local people may wish to achieve their socio-economic goals at the expense of the environment. There is, therefore, a need to strike a balance between the socio-economic needs of the local people and environmental protective objectives. To achieve this, full and active participation of key environmental related stakeholders, including local people at different levels of decision-making is one of the essential steps. This could be achieved through community awareness and outreach programmes in relation to environmental policies, laws and environmental protection and management in general. Thus, environmental protection and management issues need to be translated into understandable concepts for an ordinary person who often views environmental resources as gifts from God and hence her or she has the “birthright” to use them. Some crimes the local people commit against the environment may be due to lack of awareness.

It is important to note however that the kind of environmental crimes referred to in this article are those that involve individuals and groups of people whose livelihoods depend on environmental resources. Organised criminal gangs that exploit environmental resources for commercial purposes are to be controlled through breaking their networks because they work in a chain from the source where a crime is committed such as illegal logging in the forests through transit routes such as transportation to the destination of the goods/products such as cities or industrial centres. The facilitators of the process are sometimes influential people in the society such as politicians, businessmen and even environmental law enforcement officials, hence the difficulty to control and apprehend. They share information at every step of the process making it difficult to apprehend and take them to a court or any other institution entrusted with powers to enforce the rule of law. For these environmental criminal gangs to be apprehended and punished there is a need to strengthen environmental law enforcement agencies and officials through improving governance in the protection and management of the environment and the resources therein. This in turn requires a thorough training and capacity needs assessment of the environmental law enforcement institutions and agencies in the regions concerned.

Donald Anthony Mwiturubani, Senior Researcher, Environmental Security Programme, ISS Nairobi Office

Make a Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

10 Responses to “Balancing Environmental Protection and the Community’s Socio-Economic Needs”

RSS Feed for Kenya Environmental & Political News Weblog Comments RSS Feed

[…] another post that is marginally related to the Mau Forest, Kenvironews posts about Balancing Environmental Protection and the Community’s Socio-Economic Needs. The writer Donald Anthony Mwiturubani sees a disconnect between environmental policy makers and […]

SUB:- Environmental Compliance for ISO Approval in Offices/Factories/Banks.

Ref:- Environmental Noise Pollution Monitor – Model RT-5001.

We are makers of Environmental Noise Pollution Monitor Model RT-5001 to measure the Noise Pollution Level inside Banks/Offices/Factories and of machineries for Environmental Impact Studies as per IS-14000 / OHSAS-18001 Standards and for GMP/TRIPS Compliance.

Companies making Quality Products and audited by ISO Inspectors will find this Unit extremely useful. Banks will find the Unit useful for ISO Approval and for
their Confirmity to Environmental Guidelines.

The Cost of Model RT-5001 is Indian Rupees Twenty Thousand Eight Hundred
Only (i.e. $ 417 USD). In case of interest, please revert back.

Thanking you,

Yours truly,

for RAYTHEON TECHNOLOGIES,
Chennai, India.

K.A.Madan,
Manager-Customer Services.
Mobile : 94440 12056.
Phone : 91+44+24492285.
FAX : 91+44+24491647
e.mail : hiraytech@yahoo.co.in
hiraytech@hotmail.com

SPECIAL NOTE:- Ensure Safe Environment for your Safety & Security.

This is Augustina Sonia kone from Trinidad &Tobago

I am writing this letter with due respect and hurtful of tears since we have not
known or met ourselves previously. I am asking for your assistance after I have
gone through your profile that speaks well of you. I will be so glad if you can allow
and lead me to the right channel towards your assistance to my situation now. I will
make my proposal well known if I am given the opportunity. I would like to use
this opportunity to introduce myself to you.

I am Augustina sonia kone 23years old Girl and I know that this proposal might be
a surprise to you but do consider it as an emergency.In nutshell, my (late) father
Mr Abu kone a very wealthy gold and cocoa merchant who based in Accra
and Abidjan respectively. But he was killed along side with my mother during last
year’s Rabble attack and all his properties were totally destroyed.

However, after their death I managed to escape with a very important
document (DEPOSIT CERTIFICATE (US$10.5m) Ten million Five hundred
thousand U.S Dollars deposited by my late father in one of the leading Security
Company which I am the next of kin. Meanwhile, I am saddled with the problem
of securing a trust worthy foreign personality to help me transfer the money over to
his country and into his possession pending my arrival to meet with him.

Furthermore, you can contact the Security Company for confirmation and I
will issue a letter of authorisation on your name that will enable the Security
Company to deal with you on my behalf. I am giving you this offers as mentioned
with every confidence on your acceptance to assist me or take me as your child
and manage the money. I am inclined to offer you 15% of the total sum as a mode
of compensation for your effort after the successful transferring of these fund to
your nominated account overseas Conclusively.

Pray for me always.

Augustina sonia kone

SUB:- Environmental Compliance Unit for World Environment Day – 5th June, 2009.

Ref:- Environmental Noise Pollution Monitor – Model RT-5001.

We are makers of Environmental Noise Pollution Monitor Model RT-5001 to measure the Noise Pollution Level inside National Assemblies/Banks/Offices/Factories and of machineries for Environmental Impact Studies as per IS-14000 / OHSAS-18001 Standards and for GMP/TRIPS Compliance.

Companies making Quality Products and audited by ISO Inspectors will find this Unit extremely useful. Banks will find the Unit useful for ISO Approval and for
their Confirmity to Environmental Guidelines. Parliaments can check the Noise Level inside Senates & National Assemblies as working under high Noise Levels will be strenuous and ineffective. Parliamentarians can use our Model RT-5001 in their constituencies for the Welfare of the general Public.

The Cost of Model RT-5001 is Indian Rupees Twenty Thousand Eight Hundred
Only (i.e. $ 441 USD). For a detailed Quote, please revert back. Our Noise Monitors also attracts Aid from International Organisations like UN/ UNEP/EBRD/World Bank, etc. For bulk Orders, we can put your Department’s Logo instead of our Company’s Logo to highlight your efforts in Environment Preservation.

Thanking you,

Yours truly,

for RAYTHEON TECHNOLOGIES,
Chennai, India.

K.A.Madan,
Manager-Customer Services.
Mobile : 94440 12056.
Phone : 91+44+24492285.
FAX : 91+44+24491647
e.mail : hiraytech@hotmail.com
hiraytech@yahoo.co.in

Hi,
I’m Anselm Ngulugulu from Tanzania the x student of Dr Dolnald Mwiturubani would please provide me with his contacts details mainly his email address.I have concept note for research i need his assistance.my title is “Transparency is an enemy of corruption” I need to p
resent this to him

i lyk wot u advocate,is ther job opportunity,bcoz i have done bachelor in environmental planing and management @ kenyatta university,wil b glad if u get bak 2 mi thanx

SUB:- Environmental Noise Pollution Monitor – Model RT-5001 – as per International Specifications for Environment Impact Assessment and Environmental Audit in Eco Friendly Green Buildings and Green Companies.

We introduce ourselves as Manufacturers of a Unique Type of Portable Environmental Noise Pollution Monitor – Model RT-5001 to measure instantly the Noise Pollution Levels under various ambient conditions to comply with Environmental Laws of Ministry of Environment and Forests and Central and State Pollution Control Boards. Less Noise of Machineries such as Compressors, Blowers, Fans, Motors, Airconditioners, Generators, UPS, Computers, etc. leads to huge Energy Savings over a period of time. The Amount thus saved will pay back the cost of our Meter in a few months’ time.

Model RT-5001 is acceptable to all ISO Auditors in India and abroad. Model RT-5001 fully complies with Green Laws and comes with a Calibration Certificate traceable to National Standards. Any Model to suit your specific application can also be designed. In case of interest, please contact us.

Thanking you,

for RAYTHEON TECHNOLOGIES,
Chennai – India.

K.A.Madan,
Manager – Customer Services.
Mobile : 94440 12056.
Phone : 91 44 24492285.
FAX : 91 44 24491647.
e.mail : hiraytech@yahoo.co.in
hiraytech@hotmail.com

SPECIAL NOTE:- Model RT-5001 is designed as per ISO / OHSAS Standards for
Environment Certification / Accreditation.

All The Best Regards.

ENVIRONMENTAL NOISE POLLUTION MONITOR FOR ISO CERTIFICATION:-

Companies and Institutions obtain ISO Certification to exhibit the Standards maintained in their Units.
Amongst the various Parameters monitored for Quality Monitoring Purposes, Noise Level plays a vital role. Noise Level inside Shop-floor areas, Production areas, Quality Departments, Industrial Canteens, Rest Rooms, Hospitals, etc. are closely monitored.
Observing very simple steps on a regular basis can go a long way in maintaining the Quality of Machines and the Quality of the Man behind the Machine.
For more details on Noise Monitoring and Control, please contact Raytheon Technologies at: hiraytech@yahoo.co.in

EMPLOYEES ARE YOUR WEALTH. SAFEGUARD YOUR WEALTH.

SAFEGUARD THE HEALTH OF YOUR EMPLOYEES BY MONITORING THE ENVIRONMENTAL NOISE POLLUTION LEVELS REGULARLY.

Environmental Noise Pollution Monitor – Model RT-5001 – To instantly measure the Environmental Noise Pollution Levels as per International Standards. A Portable and handy Model to serve most of all applications. Ideal for use in Factories, Offices, Banks, Hotels, Hospitals, Green Building Assessment, IT Companies, BPO Centers, Educational Institutions, Social Service Organizations, NGOs, etc. Also used for ISO and LEED Certifications.

For more info, please contact Raytheon Technologies at: hiraytech@yahoo.co.in


Where's The Comment Form?

    About

    A blog created to cover environmental and political information in Kenya with a view to promoting POVERTY ALLEVIATION through creating awareness of the Millennium Development Goals

    RSS

    Subscribe Via RSS

    • Subscribe with Bloglines
    • Add your feed to Newsburst from CNET News.com
    • Subscribe in Google Reader
    • Add to My Yahoo!
    • Subscribe in NewsGator Online
    • The latest comments to all posts in RSS

    Meta

Liked it here?
Why not try sites on the blogroll...

%d bloggers like this: